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Despite this low variation, the AY phytoplasma group could be subdivided into several distinct restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) subgroups (16SrI subgroups) by extensive RFLP analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences, employing 17 restriction enzymes (Lee et al., 1993a, 1998a, 2007a; Jomantiene et al., 1998, 2011a; Wei et al., 2011). Molecular evidence for the presence of maize bushy stunt phytoplasma in corn in Brazil. Plant Disease, 96(9):1372. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis, Poghosyan A, Hernandez-Gonzalez J, Gallou A, Andrade-Michel G, Palacios-Cardiel C, Lebsky V, 2015. by Weintraub, P. G.\Jones, P.]. Plant Disease. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 170-187, Arocha Y, Piñol B, Picornell B, Almeida R, Jones P, 2007. Infections of phytoplasmas on Limonium sinuatum. Phytopathologie! DOI:10.1046/j.1365-3059.1998.00229.x, Boa E, Arocha Y, Harling R, Tobing C, Kelly P, Reeder R, 2010. (5). First report of aster yellows phytoplasma in goldenrain tree (Koelreuteria paniculata) in Korea. Phytoplasma detected in reverted black currant in Finland. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Plant Disease. Cassava witches’ broom, a disease affecting cassava in South East Asia (Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, China and the Philippines) is caused by 16SrI phytoplasma. A natural infection of Hebe is associated with an isolate of ', Jones P, Arocha Y, Plata G, 2005. 3(2), December 2013, 77-81 doi : 10.5958/j.2249-4677.3.2.018 Elizabeth Alvarez et al. Plant Disease, 94:977-985, Zak LF, Yáñez-Morales Mde J, Alanis-Martínez I, González-Pérez E, 2011. Apple sessile leaf phytoplasma. Plant Disease. 59 (2), 397. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/ppa DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2009.02180.x, Byamukama E, Tande C, Olson J, Hesler L, Grady K, Nleya T, Mathew F, 2016. First report on a yellows disease of, Navrátil M, Pribylová J, Válová P, Fialová R, Safárová D, Spak J, Kubelková D, Petrzik K, Karesová R, Spaková V, 2007. Plant Pathology, 57(4):769. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/ppa, Reeder R, Kelly PL, Arocha Y, 2010. > 10°C, coldest month < 0°C, dry summers), Continental climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. 10th Congress of Mediterranean Phytopathological Union, Montpellier-Le Corum (France) 1-5 June 1997, 331-335. The Illumina and ONT reads provided 116× and 597× coverage, respectively. 'Brotes grandes' (big bud) of potato: a new disease associated with a 16SrI-B subgroup phytoplasma in Bolivia. During the spring of 2007, ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris’‐related phytoplasmas were identified in plants showing virescence and phyllody symptoms. Detection and molecular characterization of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' in European hazel (Corylus avellana) in Poland. NOTE: We request your email address only to inform the recipient that it was you who recommended this article, and that it is not junk mail. Vibio M, Bertaccini A, Lee I M, Davis R E, Clark M F, 1996. Two platforms were used for shotgun sequencing. Julius-Kühn-Archiv [57. However, they are of quarantine significance for the Inter-African Phytosanitary Commission. P. asteris in Victoria (EPPO, 2014) and Western Australia (EPPO, 2014) published in previous versions of the Compendium are invalid (Plant Health Australia, communication to CABI, 2019). Phytopathology, 82(9):977-986, Lee IM, Davis RE, Hsu HT, 1993. ], 60(2):137-138. http://www.bulletinofinsectology.org/, Samuitiene M, Navalinskiene M, Davis Re, Jomantiene R, 2006. Journal of Phytopathology, 151(7/8):469-476, Kaminska M, Sliwa H, Rudzinska-Langwald A, 2004. Plant diseases associated with mycoplasma-like organisms. Plant Pathology. Plant Pathology, 47:317-324, Bhat AI, Madhubala R, Hareesh PS, Anandaraj M, 2006. First report of phytoplasma (16SrI) associated with yellow decline disease of Royal Palms [Roystonea regia (Kunth) O. F. Cook] in Malaysia. First report of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' associated with witches' broom of Crotalaria tetragona in India. Grindelia robusta, a perennial herb, contains an essential oil that is used as an antitussive, sedative, and analgesic agent. Subgroups 16SrI-D, 16SrI-E and 16SrI-F seem to show pronounced host specificity. First report of a Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris related strain associated with cabbage stunting in Greece. Detection and identification of aster yellows (16SrI) phytoplasma in peach trees in Jordan by RFLP analysis of PCR-amplified products (16S rDNAs). Niger seed (Guizotia abyssinica), a new host of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' in Iran. 47 (1), 103-106. Plant Disease, 89(3):339. Surveys reveal the occurrence of phytoplasmas in plants at different geographical locations in Peru. 263-268. Current status of molecular classification of the phytoplasmas. Molecular detection of aster yellows phytoplasma and "Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum" in carrots affected by the psyllid Trioza apicalis (Hemiptera: Triozidae) in Finland. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 58(8):1826-1837. http://ijs.sgmjournals.org, Hodgetts J, Chuquillangui C, Muller G, Arocha Y, Gamarra D, Pinillos O, Velit E, Lozada P, Boa E, Boonham N, Mumford R, Barker I, Dickinson M, 2009. Urbanavicene L, Jomantiene R, Valiu¯nas D, Davis RE, 2007. Molecular identification of 'Candidatus phytoplasma asteris' related strain (16SrI-B) associated with Broussonetia papyrifera in Nanjing, China. EPPO (2019) does not include a record of Ca. Purple coneflower is a host of the aster yellows phytoplasma. Journal of Plant Pathology. First report of two distinct phytoplasma species, 'Candidatus phytoplasma cynodontis' and 'Candidatus phytoplasma asteris,' simultaneously associated with yellow decline of Wodyetia bifurcata (foxtail palm) in Malaysia. Aster yellows subgroup (, Kamala-Kannan S, Park SeungMoon, Oh ByungTaek, Kim HyungMoo, Lee KuiJae, 2010. Plant Disease. L. asiaticus’ and ‘Ca. 57 (4), 769. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/ppa DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.01849.x, Renu Maurya, Madhupriya, Yamini Chaturvedi, Upadhyaya P P, Rao G P, 2014. First report of a 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' related phytoplasma associated with Eucalyptus little leaf disease in Iran. Caratterizzazione molecolare di fitoplasmi associati a virescenza in anemone. A major outbreak of AY disease occurred in 2000 in Texas that affected several vegetable crops. Bulletin of Insectology [Second International Phytoplasmologist Working Group Meeting. Plant Disease, 100(11):2158. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis, Aliaga F, Hopp E, Alvarez E, Lopez-Lavalle L A B, 2018. Data availability.The raw reads have been deposited at the NCBI Sequence Read Archive under the accession numbers SRR12000858 and SRR12000859. Journal of Plant Pathology, 80:3-26, Seemüller E, Schneider B, Maürer R, Ahrens U, Daire X, Kison H, Lorenz KH, Firrao G, Avinent L, Sears BB, Stackebrandt E, 1994. HTTP://www.apsnet.org, Loi N, Ermacora P, Chen TA, Carraro L, Osler R, 1998. New Disease Reports, 24:Article 29. http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=024029, Adkar-Purushothama CR, Quaglino F, Casati P, Bianco PA, 2011. Petria, 6(2):125-136; 30 ref, Marcone C, Ragozzino A, Firrao G, Locci R, 1995. Deutsche Pflanzenschutztagung, Berlin, Germany, 6-9 September, 2010. Phylogenetic analysis and delineation of phytoplasmas based on secY gene sequences. Identification of aster yellows phytoplasma in garlic and green onion by PCR-based methods. ], No.428:315-316. http://pub.jki.bund.de/index.php/JKA/issue/archive, IPPC, 2008. Plant Disease, 102(12), 2634. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis doi: 10.1094/PDIS-01-18-0059-PDN, Maliogka VI, Tsialtas JT, Papantoniou A, Efthimiou K, Katis NI, 2009. HTTP://www.apsnet.org, Hollingsworth CR, Atkinson LM, Samac DA, Larsen JE, Motteberg CD, Abrahamson MD, Glogoza P, Macrae IV, 2008. However, the leafhopper E. motti was recorded as putative vector for the identified soya bean phytoplasma isolate, and the whitefly (B. tabaci) was identified as vector of MYMIV which belonged to Asia‐II‐1 genotype. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 103(8):675-686; 38 ref, Seemnller E, Marcone C, Lauer U, Ragozzino A, G÷schl M, 1998. Insect vectors of phytoplasmas. The original record may have been a misidentification of Buckland Valley grapevine yellows phytoplasma, which is closely related to Ca. Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) crops are persistently threatened by “Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris” (aster yellows group, 16SrI-B subgroup), which causes phyllody diseases (1, 2). ], 60(2):123-124. http://www.bulletinofinsectology.org/, Neda Naderali, Ganesan Vadamalai, Naghmeh Nejat, Ling KL, 2015. Comparison of phytoplasmas infecting winter oilseed rape in the Czech Republic with Italian Brassica phytoplasmas and their relationship to the aster yellows group. First report of a 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' related phytoplasma associated with Eucalyptus little leaf disease in Iran. witches' broom disease in Korea. Aster yellows phytoplasma on grapevine. First report of a ', Santos-Cervantes ME, Chávez-Medina JA, Fierro-Coronado JA, Ruelas-Ayala RD, Barreras-Soto MA, Méndez-Lozano J, Leyva-López NE, 2007. In: Julius-Kühn-Archiv. Annual Review of Entomology, 51:91-111. http://www.annualreviews.org, Weintraub PG, Jones P, 2009. The complete genome sequence of “Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris” RP166, which consists of one 829,546-bp circular chromosome, is presented in this work. First report of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' from Gerbera jamesonii in Apulia, southern Italy. A more detailed differentiation has been obtained by sequence and RFLP analyses of ribosomal protein (rpsV and rpsC), tuf, secA, secY, nusA and groEL genes, and the 16S-23S rRNA spacer region sequences (Marcone et al., 2000; Shao et al., 2006; Martini et al., 2007; Hodgetts et al., 2008; Lee et al., 2010; Mitrovic et al., 2011). Plant Disease, 100(12):2521. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis, Krüger K, Klerk Ade, Douglas-Smit N, Joubert J, Pietersen G, Stiller M, 2011. First report of phytoplasma infection in hop plants. The genomes of four phytoplasmas have been sequenced: "onion yellows", "aster yellows witches' broom" (Candidatus [Ca] Phytoplasma asteris), Ca. Use of mycoplasmalike organism (MLO) group-specific oligonucleotide primers for nested-PCR assays to detect mixed-MLO infections in a single host plant. First report of phytoplasmas in the aster yellows group infecting grapevine in Tunisia. Bulletin of Insectology, 60(2):275-276, Berges R, Cousin MT, Roux J, MSurer R, Seemnller E, 1997. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases , (October (Edition 3)) Wallingford, UK: CAB International.Map 56. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 48(4):1153-1169; 145 ref, Lee S, Han S, Cha B, 2009. Bulletin of Insectology [First international phytoplasmologist working group meeting, Bologna, Italy, 12-15 November 2007. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 249:79-85, Bertaccini A, Vibio M, 1996. In: Virus and Virus-like Diseases of Pome and Stone Fruits [ed. First report of a decline of ashleaf maple (Acer negundo) in Poland, associated with 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris'. In: Journal of Plant Protection in the Tropics, 8 167-180. Currently, HLB is associated with the bacteria Candidatus … Phytoplasma asteris” strains included the chromosome size (18,693 bp larger than OY-M), a larger number of genes with assigned function, and hypothetical proteins with unknown function. The MiSeq 2 × 300-bp paired-end sequencing (v3 chemistry) produced ∼10 Gb raw reads. Journal of Plant Pathology, 86(3):209-214. Petria, 5(2):111-118; 16 ref, Marcone C, Ragozzino A, Seemüller E, 1997. P. asteris’ interactions in citrus, which will greatly assist the … CrossRef Google Scholar First report of a 16SrI-B group phytoplasma associated with a yellow-type disease affecting tomato plants in the Baja California Peninsula. > 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. African Journal of Microbiology Research. Unreviewed (5,431) TrEMBL. Plant Disease, 91(4):467. The association of aster yellows phytoplasma with rose dieback disease in Poland. Subgroup 16SrI-B represents the largest strain cluster in the AY group. The identity of phytoplasmas occurring in these plants has not been determined. Phylogeny and characterization of phytoplasmal NusA and use of the, Wei W, Cai H, Chen H, Davis RE, Zhao Y, 2007. Infection rates of 60 and 99% were recorded in Hungary for AY-affected sugarbeet plants and India for AY-affected Jatropha curcas plants, respectively (Mumford et al., 2000; Kumar et al., 2010b). Phylogeny and characterization of phytoplasmal NusA and use of the nusA gene in detection of group 16SrI strains. 99 (1), 291. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3850/2492, EPPO, 2014. Plant Disease, 93(3):322. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis, Liu Q, Sun Q, Wu T, Davis RE, Zhao Y, 2005. The record of aster yellows on lettuce is based on disease symptoms observed in 1951 but the pathogen was never identified. Plant Disease. First report of a ', Jung HeeYoung, Yae MiChi, Lee JoonTak, Hibi T, Namba S, 2003. Plant Pathology, 58(6):1170. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/ppa, Raj SK, Snehi SK, Kumar S, Pratap D, Khan MS, 2009. Each of them has been identified in only one host. First detection of aster yellows associated with phytoplasma on Camelina sativa in South Dakota. Universal, group- and pathogen-specific phytoplasma primers have been designed, directed to ribosomal DNA sequences. Mixed infection of grapevines in northern Italy by phytoplasmas including 16S rRNA RFLP subgroup 16SrI-B strains previously unreported in this host. Plant Pathology, 55(6):823. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func=showIssues&code=ppa, Raj SK, Snehi SK, Khan MS, Kumar S, 2008. First report of spirea witches'-broom disease in China. Detection of phytoplasma infections in declining Populus nigra 'Italica' trees and molecular differentiation of the aster yellows phytoplasmas identified in various Populus species. Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); malformed flowers of Callistephus chinensis (China aster) affected by AY diseases showing dwarfed youngest leaves and flower malformations. First report of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' associated with witches' broom of Crotalaria tetragona in India. Plant Pathology. 75 (6), 579-584. Plant Disease, 75(6):579-584, Fauqia Fahmeed, Rosete YA, Acosta Pérez K, Boa E, Lucas J, 2009. Plant Disease. Jomantiene R, Davis R E, Maas J, Dally E L, 1998. ], 64(Supplement):S251-S252. plants, affected by AY disease, showing proliferation of axillary shoots. 'CandidatusPhytoplasma asteris' is a member of the aster yellows (AY) phytoplasma group or 16SrI group, the largest and most diverse phytoplasma group (IRPCM, 2004; Lee et al., 2004). For gene prediction, RNAmmer (15), tRNAscan-SE (16), and Prodigal (17) were used. Several leafhoppers, including Macrosteles fascifrons [M. quadrilineatus], M. laevis, M. striiformis, M. quadripunctulatus, M. sexnotatus, M. viridigriseus, Euscelis plebeja, E. lineolatus, E. incisus, Euscelidius variegatus, Aphrodes bicinctus, Hishimonoides sellatiformis, Scaphytopius acutus, Dalbulus elimatus, Colladonus montanus and C. geminatus, are reported to transmit them. The 'CandidatusPhytoplasma asteris' concept encompasses all known 16SrI subgroups within the AY phytoplasma group (Lee et al., 2004). International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 54(4):1037-1048, Lee IM, Hammond RW, Davis RE, Gundersen DE, 1993. 57 (2), 363. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2007.01676.x. First report of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' related strain associated with Atractylodes lancea malformations in Hubei Province of China. 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Detection and characterization of phytoplasmas associated with diseases of Rubus spp. Plant Pathology, 54(4):559. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func=showIssues&code=ppa, Jung HeeYoung, Yae MiChi, Lee JoonTak, Hibi T, Namba S, 2003. Evaluation of primer pairs for the reliable diagnosis of Paulownia witches'-broom disease using a polymerase chain reaction. The disease has resulted in significant reductions in cassava root starch content and up to 80% yield loss in parts of Vietnam (Anon., 2014). European Journal of Plant Pathology, 123(1):85-90. http://springerlink.metapress.com/link.asp?id=100265, Fránová J, Simková M, 2009. European handbook of plant diseases. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 35(1):33-42; 23 ref, Vibio M, Bertaccini A, Schilir= E, Rapetti S, 1995. First report of group 16SrI, 'Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris' associated with Mimosa pudica yellows in Indonesia. http://www.bulletinofinsectology.org/, Aliaga, F., Hopp, E., Alvarez, E., Lopez-Lavalle, L. A. First report of aster yellows related phytoplasma affecting sugar beets in Poland. Plant Disease. > 10°C, coldest month < 0°C, wet all year), Continental climate with dry summer (Warm average temp. Basil little leaf: a new disease associated with a phytoplasma of the 16SrI (Aster Yellows) group in Cuba. Phytoplasma identification in Italy: Results of 16S rDNA analysis. Detection and identification of phytoplasmas in, Olivier CY, Lowery DT, Stobbs LW, Vincent C, Galka B, Saguez J, Bittner L, Johnson R, Rott M, Masters C, Green M, 2009. Sensitive detection of a phytoplasma associated with little leaf symptoms in, Khan MS, Raj SK, 2006. PQR database. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. Salix tetradenia Hand.-Mazz: a new natural plant host of 'Candidatus phytoplasma'. Molecular characterization of a phytoplasma from the aster yellows (16SrI) group naturally infecting, Shao J, Jomantiene R, Dally EL, Zhao Y, Lee IM, Nuss DL, Davis RE, 2006. Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); larkspur (Delphinium sp.) in Poland. Plant Pathology, 58(4):789. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/ppa, Khadhair AH, Evans IR, Choban B, 2002. This bacterium is associated with rapeseed phyllody disease in Poland and belongs to the 16SrI-B (i.e., aster yellows) group. Carmine Marcone, Università degli Studi di Salerno, Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche e Biomediche, Via Ponte Don Melillo, I-84084 Fisciano (Salerno), Italy. ], 60(2):127-128. http://www.bulletinofinsectology.org/, Urbanaviciene L, Jomantiene R, Davis RE, 2005. Khew KL, Davis RE, Ong CA, Lee I-M, Su HJ, Tsai MC, 1991. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Phylogenetic diversity of phytopathogenic mycoplasmalike organisms. Evaluation of primer pairs for the reliable diagnosis of Paulownia witches'-broom disease using a polymerase chain reaction. Plant Pathology. 145 (1), 203-207. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10658-015-0808-3, Mollov D, Chilvers M I, Jacobs J L, 2014. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. Bulletin of Insectology [Second International Phytoplasmologist Working Group Meeting. First report on a yellows disease of Allium altyncolicum associated with phytoplasma infection. Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4: Vol. Characterization and classification of phytoplasmas from wild and cultivated plants by RFLP and sequence analysis of ribosomal DNA. 54 (2), 199-203. http://www.plantprotection.pl/index.php?option=com_frontpage&Itemid=1 DOI:10.2478/jppr-2014-0030. A draft genome sequence is presented for a strain of “Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris” affecting canola plants in Saskatoon, Canada.
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